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Improper posture can lead to shoulder pain.

Improper posture can lead to shoulder pain.

Causes of Shoulder Pain


The shoulder is a combination of several joints that are connected with tendons and muscles for a wide range of motion of the arm. Pain in the shoulder region is due to various reasons. 


  • Most painful shoulder problems have a link with injured soft tissues, muscles, ligaments and tendons, rather than the bones themselves. Pain in shoulder falls in three major categories namely tendinitis, injury, and arthritis.
  • Shoulder pain is also caused by tumors, infection and nerve-related disorders. A tendon is a cord which connects muscle to bone or other tissue. The splitting and tearing of tendons due acute injury causes pain.  Excessive use of the shoulder leads to inflammation and swelling of a bursa, known as Bursitis.

Treatment for Shoulder Pain


Treatment of shoulder pain depends on the injury and gravity of the injury. The shoulder joint is the prone to frequent dislocation and is referred to as shoulder instability. Technically, shoulder dislocation is referred to as Luxation and partial dislocation as subluxation.  Dislocation of the shoulder is treated by putting the head of the humerus back into the joint socket called the Glenoid Fossa of the scapula by manipulation and reduction (M&R) procedure followed by an X-ray study. The arm is then immobilized in a sling or a shoulder immobilizer device. Severe dislocation injures the surrounding tissues or nerves and is treated by surgery.

The Glenohumeral joint or the shoulder joint stability depends on a group of muscles called the Rotator Cuff. The Rotator Cuff muscles help shoulder stability and control during joint rotation. The Rotator Cuff Muscles include Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres Minor and Subscapularis. Sports that demand active and vigorous rotation of the shoulder joint often put these Rotator Cuff muscles under strain causing pain. Pain due to Rotator Cuff muscles strain can occur either due to tears of the muscles or inflammation

The Shoulder Joint is the area where the collar bones and shoulder blades are connected. Pain in this region could be due to Ankylosis,Arthralgia, Cartilage Disorders, Infection, Shoulder Joint Dislocation, Shoulder Joint Capsule Damage, Acromioclavicular Arthritis, Bicipital Tendonitis, Rotator Cuff Tendonitis, Subacromial and Subdeltoid Bursitis. There are three common problems associated with shoulder pain namely, Instability, Subluxation, Overuse and Arthritis Degeneration.  Instability is a condition where the joint is completely out of position and subluxation is partial dislocation.

Arthritis is a painful inflammatory condition in the joint region. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of Arthritis. Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis and Septic Arthritis caused by infection, Gouty Arthritis caused by Uric Acid deposits in the joint region and Pseudogout, caused by deposition of Calcium Pyrophosphate crystals also cause painful inflammation. Periarthritis, Adhesive Capsulitis, also popularly known as frozen shoulder also cause chronic pain in the shoulder. Physical therapy is useful as a treatment option for people with shoulder pain.

Physical therapy includes daily walking and stretching exercises. Traction and massage of joints enhance joint mobility and flexibility. Information regarding the treatment options can be obtained from a doctor based on the signs of the disease.  Finally, investing in a back support for your chair can alleviate shoulder pain.